James Smith

James Smith

From United States

The Fundamentals of AMA Referencing

Category: Education

by James Smith



American Medical Association or AMA referencing style follows a documentary-note format, where you put a number in the text to cite the sources of information. The reference list is put in numerical order in this style. This referencing style is generally used by the department of health professionals. However, you can see its use in liberal arts and humanities disciplines as well.

If you are completely clueless about the use of AMA citation or referencing, don't worry. This blog will provide you with all the necessary information you require to use the particular citation style. You can also refer to the AMA 10th edition Manual of Style for complete guidance.

The basics of AMA style

As you may realise, submitting a document without acknowledging the source material used in it is considered plagiarism. And to avoid such accusation, you need to cite the sources in an organised way. In AMA format of citation, here’s what you need to do:

· In-text citations:

Like several other citation styles, AMA style also requires you to use superscript numbers in the text. Besides, you need to remember these following guidelines:

Ø The citations are marked numerically in the order they appear in the text.

Ø Arabic superscript numbers are placed after full-stops and commas but inside the colons and semi-colons.

Ø While citing 2 or more references, use hyphens to join the first and last numbers. You should use commas without space to separate other parts of a multiple citation. For example 1-3,5

Interestingly, there are a number of AMA citation generators available on the internet, which can prepare the citations for you.

· Author names:

While stating the author names in the bibliography, follow these rules mentioned below:

Ø Start with the surname of the author, following by initials, such as - White WJ

Ø Separate the names of two or more authors with a comma, such as – Sanchez RM, Garfield WL

Ø You can include up to 6 authors only. If the number of authors is more than 6, mention the first 3 authors and then write “et al.”

Again, if you are using an AMA citation machine, you don’t need to worry about the proper sequence of the author name, as the tool takes care of it for you.

· Title of the source:

The title of the entire source (book or journal) is always in title case (the first letter of each word in uppercase) and in italics. However, for websites and unpublished materials that rule does not apply.

The title of a part, such as a journal article, book chapter, or web object, is put in sentence case and not in italics. While mentioning a digital source, use the DOI, if it’s there. Otherwise, you can use the URL.


Hopefully, you now can cite a paper in AMA referencing style. Good luck.


Source: https://jamemith.livejournal.com/271.html